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Spine Fusion Surgery

Spine Fusion Surgery The term ‘Spinal Fusion’ refers to the surgical procedure wherein two bones for the vertebrae are joined together resulting in zero movement between them. The procedure helps in relief from pain in the spinal segment. In some cases, the procedure are conducted thorough ‘Minimally Invasive Key Hole Techniques’ (MITLIF). However, open surgeries are also used in certain cases.

Why should I go for Spine Fusion Surgery?

The surgery can be recommended by doctors to treat different conditions resulting in severe pain or inability in movement in spine at lumbar, cervical or thoracic areas. It is a decompressing procedure which stabilizes the spine. The different conditions in which this surgery may be advised are:

  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Scoliosis
  • Fracture in spinal structure
  • Tumor in spine
  • Infection in spine
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Degenerative Disc Disease

What may lead to Spine degeneration?

Spine degeneration or regression can happen at any stage of life and due to any ailment or accident. The most common reason may include Deteriorating disc problem, Vertebral fracture, Spondylosis, Spinal Tumor, Scoliosis, Spinal Disc Herniation or any other health issues.


The doctor makes an incision through stomach or back and to decompress the spine by packing bone substitute or screws/plates/rods to fuse the two affected vertebrae. The surgeon would install screws, rods or pieces of bone graft to connect the disk and retaining its normal function.

In case of bone grafting, the bone graft is taken from patient’s hip or pelvis. In some cases, it is also taken from a donor who may be a relative or a stranger with matching profile.

Risks involved

Some of the common risks involved are damage to surrounding nerves, infection, neurologic defect, urinary retention and deformity. You should immediately contact your doctor if you see any swelling or redness around the wound. Other warning signs may include, fever, increase in pain and chills.

Recovery from Spine Fusion Surgery

After you are done with the surgical procedure, you will be meeting your physiotherapist and occupational therapist who will help you in recovering from pain and getting back to routine life. They will train you in routine work like sitting/getting up from bed or chair and walking again. After the removal of stitches you will have to visit your doctor regularly up till 24 months.





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