Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus at the time of ovulation. This helps in increasing the number of sperm that reaches the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chances of conception. IUI gives the sperm a head start and makes the process of conceiving more fruitful. However, it still requires a sperm to reach the egg and fertilize it.
IUI is recommended as a fertility treatment in cases of slight issues in sperm count/motility, ejaculation dysfunction, dysovulation, hostile cervical conditions, including cervical mucus problems, edometriosis, unexplained infertility or when there is donor sperm involved.
The IUI treatment
The IUI treatment acts as an alternate to natural process of bearing a child. It is a painless process that lasts only a few minutes with minimal discomfort. Before the procedure, ovulation stimulating medication or Gonadotropins injection may be administered and the patient is routinely monitored to determine when the eggs are mature.
The IUI procedure is then planned around the time of ovulation as soon as a surge in LH hormone indicates the occurrence of ovulation. Meanwhile, a semen sample is washed in the lab to separate the healthy sperm from the seminal fluid. A catheter is then used to insert the washed sperm into the uterus. This results in increasing the number of sperm cells in the uterus, thus maximizing the chances of conception.
After the IUI procedure, the doctor will wait for a week before conducting a blood test. The test will determine your progesterone, estrogen and HCG level. After another 10 or 14 days, the doctor may conduct a pregnancy test to confirm the pregnancy.
Your doctor may check you for history of any following conditions:
- Pelvic Infection
- Blockage in Fallopian Tubes