Facial Nerve Decompression
The Facial Nerve Decompression is usually carried out on patients suffering from permanent facial palsy which makes their face brood down. The facial palsy puts pressure on peripheral nerve which results in nerve impulse block and compression of facial nerve into the bony canal of temporal bone causing facial nerve decompression. The procedure is conducted to give a patient’s face more symmetrical appearance.The surgery not only helps in enhancing the physical appearance of a patient’s face but also helps in reducing the symptoms of paralysis.
At BLK Super Speciality Hospital, we offer different types of procedures for giving your face a presentable look. The different procedures may include:
- Direct repair
- Cable nerve grafting
- Nerve crossover techniques
In order to decompress a facial nerve a surgery would be conducted after examining a patient thoroughly. During the procedure, an incision will be made through a drill parallel to the compressed nerve. The doctors, then, will remove the bone around the compressed nerve with diamond burrs. This will result in relaxation of stress on the facial nerve. The final layer of the compressed bone will also be removed with the use of a hook or fisch nerve dissectors.
Causes of Facial Nerve Decompression
Otitis Media (ear infection), Tumor, Bell’s Palsy,Birth Injury, Herpes Zoster Oticus, Skull Fracture, Facial Injury, Parotid Swelling&Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome are the common causes of Facial Nerve Decompression.
The Facial Nerve Decompression surgery is conducted by ENT surgeonsthrough the mastoid bone which is a part of the ear. The surgeon removes the pieces of the mastoid bone to release the pressure from the facial nerve, giving it space to decompress.
Like any other surgery, the facial nerve decompression also has few dangers which a patient may face like hear loss, facial nerve injury, headache or meningitis.