When is there is need of kidney transplant

Primary function of kidneys present in the body is to filter the blood. All the waste products are removed before it is circulated to rest of the body. It helps the waste pass as urine. Along with this, it helps in regulating blood pressure, electrolyte balance and red blood cell production. They are two in numbers and present in either side of the body. As there are many functions of kidney, it is needless to say that its normal functioning is quite important for the body but there are some conditions that don’t let it function in the way it is supposed to. These diseases, if not detected and treated on time, can lead to acute diseases resulting in its failure. In case of failure, the only effective way out is dialysis or transplant. Transplant is a preferred choice for many people as it is more convenient. If you are in need of transplant, then contact BLK, which is the best kidney transplant hospital in India.

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure in which the diseased kidney is taken out from the body and replaced with a healthy one taken from the donor. It is most commonly done in case of end stage renal disease. When kidneys are not able to perform to their ability, there is accumulation of fluid and waste material which raise the body’s blood pressure and leads to end stage renal disease or failure. This term is used when the body loses around 90 percent of its ability to filter blood. Some of the common causes are as follows –

·   Diabetes – Due to diabetes, there is damage to glomeruli. This leads to leakage of protein from the blood in the urine.

·  Uncontrolled blood pressure – It is normal for high volume of blood to pass through kidneys. But due to uncontrolled blood pressure, there is hardening, narrowing and weakening of the arteries and damaged arteries are not able to deliver enough blood.

·   Chronic glomerulonephritis – It is the inflammation of the tiny filters of the kidney which eventually leads to its scarring.

·   Polycystic kidney disease – It is an inherited disorder in which fluid-filled cysts are formed. They are larger than their normal size and damage the tissues that kidneys are made of.

But not everyone is a suitable candidate for this surgery. Kidney transplant specialists in India have stated the following conditions which prevent you from being an eligible candidate –

·   If you have reached an advanced stage.

·   Heart diseases which are severe and may come in between.

·   Active cancer or if it has been treated recently.

·   Consumption of alcohol and drugs.

·   Other factors such as dementia, poorly controlled mental illness etc.

The donor can be living or deceased and may or may not be a blood relative. But there are some tests done which determine if the donated kidney is suitable for you –

·    Blood typing - Blood type should be compatible or a near perfect match.

·   Tissue typing – next step is tissue typing. It decreases the risk of organ rejection.

·   Crossmatch – in final step, your own blood is mixed with the donor.

Best kidney doctors in India start this procedure by administering general anesthesia. An incision is then made in the lower abdomen to place the new kidney. Your old one is kept in place unless they are causing some complications. Blood vessels in the lower part of the abdomen are attached to the blood vessels of the new kidney. Similarly, new one’s ureter is connected to the bladder.

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