What is a non cancerous brain tumor and how is it harmful
Whenever the medical field talks about the topic of a brain tumor, the first impression that comes up in our minds is a cancerous possibility which can malign the healthy cells around and become a severe medical condition which could be life-threatening. To gain light on this and to clarify any misunderstanding, we approached the best brain tumor specialist in India. In the discussion, it was provided to us through trusted reports of top neurosurgery hospitals in India that not all kind of brain tumors are cancerous in nature, they can be non-cancerous as well. Even though the manifestations can immensely affect the patient still they do not prove to be fatal if medical attention is provided on time.
The characteristic which differentiates non-cancerous brain tumors from cancerous one is that the other does not spread to the surrounding healthy cells. But as the dynamic professional from a variedly experienced brain tumor hospital in India warns, the noncancerous brain tumors have a tendency to turn cancerous if medical treatment is not taken. In scientific terms, the non-cancerous brain tumors are called as benign tumors and their growth rate is slow.
Contingent upon the affected brain cells, non-cancerous brain tumors can be distinguished into various categories and likewise, their symptoms vary. As per the qualified statistics provided by the best neurologist in India, the most common form of noncancerous brain tumor is meningioma which originates in the meninges and comprises around one-third of the category. Due to its point of origin, meningioma causes manifestation around the region of the brain and spinal cord. The usual symptoms are changes in personality, issues with eyesight, nausea unexplained headache, problems while speaking, seizures, and confusion. The genetic condition of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) or type 2 (NF2) is a risk factor.
Similarly, the genetic disease Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome enhances the chances to acquire hemangioblastomas which are characterized through a headache, nausea, state of dizziness, balance issues, and uncontrolled bowels movements and it originates in the blood vessels of the brain, spinal cord, or the retina.
There are two types of noncancerous brain tumors which can originate in and around the pituitary gland. Pituitary adenomas are the type of former ones which start at the base of the pituitary gland and in the usual condition they do not impact the affected person to a harmful level. Their symptoms are visible and risks are increased with the observance of inherited disease multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). Some of these pituitary adenomas have the tendency to produce hormones for which they are termed as functional tumors. Contingent upon the hormones produced, the manifestations and impacts can vary.
On the other hand, the onset of craniopharyngioma is characterized by obesity, slow rate of growth, weakness, late puberty, headaches, issues with sight, glioma, and personality changes. It develops around the cells which are near the pituitary gland.
Majorly impacting the balance and walking capabilities, schwannoma impacts the vestibular nerve and develops into the Schwann cells which are located in the brain. Since schwannoma affects the vestibular nerve, symptoms are characterized through issues with balance, hearing loss, weakness, ringing in the ears, and issues with swallowing of food and water.
The diagnosis of non-cancerous brain tumors is carried out through imaging scans, biopsy, blood and urine tests, and lumbar puncture (spinal tap). The follow-up of treatment is focused upon quicker healing and removing any possibility of recurrence. On the same lines of the top neurosurgery hospital in India which in itself is medically appreciated, the specialists recommend surgery as an effective treatment. Stereotactic radiotherapy is lately being implemented for successful results.